Preparing the Driveway for Concrete 1 Lay out the shape of your driveway with stakes. As always, if in doubt, speak to your local planning office. Insurance is often cheaper if the car is parked off the road at night, and it makes loading and unloading your car so much easier than trying to do it on the road. All Rights Reserved, If needed, you can reinforce your driveway with steel so that it is fundamentally stronger, enabling it to handle heavier loads with ease. But laying concrete, even in a simple, flat driveway, is not the easiest project to do properly. Driveways made from porous materials (gravel, porous asphalt, paving slabs, etc) do not. The polythene will stop the concrete losing moisture too quickly, which can lead to cracking and problems with the surface. You will need to lay down a sub-base of hardcore to give the concrete a solid footing. This optional step can create a smooth finish on the edges of the driveway. From simple tasks to complete projects, if you want to improve your DIY skills, this is a great place to start. If needed, you can reinforce your driveway with steel so that it is fundamentally stronger, enabling it to handle heavier loads with ease. reliable service and our expert team can provide all the advice and assistance you need to ensure you have the right type and right amount of concrete for your DIY driveway build. Brick Pavers Driveways. Putting in your edge restraints right is hugely important and is the key to a creating … The first step when installing a new concrete driveway is to layout the perimeter of your driveway with wooden stakes. The concrete needs to be cured for a period of time before it is ready to take the weight of your car. Drive a peg into the ground in the middle of one end of the driveway, keeping the top of it at the height you want the surface of the concrete. Gravel driveways are becoming extremely popular in the UK and are a great alternative to slabs or block paves. Before you get in touch with Total Concrete to place your order, you’ll need to crack on with planning. The hardcore sub-base needs to be in place and compacted before any ready-mix concrete arrives. Use twine and sticks to mark the area where you will be laying your pavers and use it … Let us show you the going rate for tarmac, resin, concrete, blocks and gravel driveways in the UK. You’ll need to use an edging tool, working from one end of the driveway to the other. Having offroad parking can, in certain situations, add considerable value to your property. Getting the kerb lowered – You will need to apply to your local council to have the kerb dropped outside of your new drive. You cannot simply bump up over the standard kerb and footpath (in the UK anyway). Next, use a concrete float to smooth out the surface. Lay any reinforcement as required. However, if you use a non-porous mix, it’s likely that you will need planning permission. Using planks of at least 25mm thick, start to peg out the planks along the edge of your driveway excavation. Gravel. While this step is optional, it is still highly recommended. This will need to be compacted, which may require the hire of a plate compactor. As well as the cost for the raw materials and the cost for installation you will also need to compare the lifespan of your driveway and the on-going maintenance costs. If you need advice on the most suitable concrete mix for a driveway, with the goal of avoiding planning permission, then contact Total Concrete and our team will be happy to help. While this step is optional, it is still. Gravel driveways allow you to get creative and can create a wonderful feature at the front of your home. This material offers a durable, cost-effective surfacing solution for your driveway. The position of most driveways will allow for the concrete to be poured straight from the lorry, but if you think you will need to use wheelbarrows to get the concrete to site, remember that each cubic metre of concrete will fill around 25 wheelbarrows and concrete will only stay workable for about an hour and a half. So, for a Tarmac surface expect to pay at least £2,000 with an extra £1,000 for foundations. If, for whatever reason, you need to hire a concrete pump to pour your concrete, the Total Concrete team can arrange this for you. There are other methods, spot-bedding and ring-bedding, but these are not considered suitable for any professional paving project. Concrete driveways are a good option if you want an easy to lay, hard-wearing surface which is relatively cheap to create. For large driveways, you should certainly consider using ready-mix concrete which can be delivered by lorry. You should cover the concrete with polythene and leave it to dry out over the next 10-12 days. If you’re comparing the cost of an imprinted concrete driveway with the prices for other types of driveways, there are a few things you’ll need to remember. Ready-Mix Concrete in our Ready-Mix Guide, Using Spirit Levels, Laser Levels and Plumb Lines. You should also be aware to not lay the gravel too deep, a maximum of 50mm is all you should need. Just take your time and use common sense to safely remove the forms bit by bit. The slight downside is that concrete is not the most attractive finish and you will have to wait about 10 days before you are able to park a vehicle on it. With the sub-base and perimeter all set up, you just need to wait for the concrete to arrive. Reinforcing your concrete with steel mesh will help to distribute the weight of your vehicles more evenly, drastically improving its strength. That way, one person can be mixing a fresh load whilst the other is barrowing the concrete to the driveway site. Make sure you include this cost in your budget for the work. Installing a resin driveway over concrete provides an easy and cost effective way of enhancing the appearance of your driveway. Building a Driveway is a good idea for several reasons, not least the added security they offer for your car. Well laid formwork will help to give the concrete pad clean edges and also helps you to create smooth curves and corners if you need them. For more information, simply contact us today. Woven geotextile fabric is best and is laid on top of the sub base. Mark the area. By telling us about your project, we can help you arrange a delivery slot to suit your schedule — you should leave yourself enough time to get the initial ground preparation work done before your concrete arrives. Edging concrete. Thank you for the well written instruction. Contraction joints help to control expansion and contraction of the slab as it dried. We Ensure a prompt, reliable service and our expert team can provide all the advice and assistance you need to ensure you have the right type and right amount of concrete for your DIY driveway build. 2. Laying a concrete driveway over an existing gravel one is possible, but it is not generally recommended. It will, though, be much less of a challenge if you have the right tools, materials, and instructions. Make sure that you keep the front or back of the tool slightly raised, so you’re not pressing the concrete down. As well as providing a rugged but attractive look that’s entirely unique, granite setts and cobbles are a great match for just about any type of property – whether classic or contemporary. Use a membrane. Lay down a granular sub-base material to a depth of around 100-150mm and compact it level. The type of drive you create is up to you, but there are several things you need to consider for any domestic driveway. If you are using wood for the formwork, you can create curved corners by making a series of cuts partway through the back face of the board. Now that you know exactly what macadam is it’s time to look at how it’s laid correctly. Approximate Cost = £750 (Based on 25sq metres) The cheapest option on the list, a gravel … Driveway Planning Permission (UK) – Driveways built at the front of your property now sometimes require planning consent. Concrete driveways are low maintenance and not to mention practical. Edge Restraints. Progress steadily across the driveway until the surface is clean and consistently smooth. The next step is to lay an edge restraint or kerb, which will keep the new driveway structure in position. If you plan to mix the concrete yourself (and you should think carefully about that), you will need a cement mixer and a second pair of hands to help out. Step 4: Subbase. A typical CBP driveway can cost between £45 – £70 per square meter. Thanks for this very well written article. This needs to be a 150mm thick bed of DT Type 1 (MOT) hardcore, which comprises a mix of stones up to 4cm wide. Concrete mix is an ideal option if you don't want to combine the ingredients yourself, or you only need a small amount of concrete. Don't forget to include the space in your postcode! The existing surface was a mixture of concrete slabs, pavers and some dirt. Pour the concrete in even loads. This should allow you to bend the board without snapping it. Drive these into the ground at regular intervals, ensuring the final outline matches your planned length and width. Any driveway under 5 square metres in size, made of any material, will not require permission. Metal Roadforms are available both as rigid straight sections and flexible sections for forming corners. 3. Paved driveways can … Forms will keep the concrete in place… (Image credit: F H Brundle) Permeable Tarmac. Step One. Fix them to the sides of the formwork with nails and support them along their length with small mounds of concrete before you start to pour. This prevents weed growth. This can be done by creating a moisture-retaining barrier, which can include regular sprinkling, laying down wet curing blankets or a layer of plastic sheeting. Use any excess concrete to fill in shallow areas as you go. Formwork is essential for getting a good finish on your concrete driveway. This will directly inform how much concrete you need to order, so changing dimensions at the last minute will compromise the strength and functionality of your driveway. DIY Extra is an ever-growing collection of Do It Yourself guides, projects, tutorials and articles covering many aspects of DIY and Home Improvements. If your formwork is nice and level, this should provide you with a good surface finish. Cost: Asphalt driveways are cheaper to install than concrete driveways. Laying a concrete driveway can be a big job, but if you’ve got the correct tools on hand, the right mind-set and attitude, then this rewarding project will be a practical and stylish addition to any home. Remember, your new Tarmac driveway will cost more than just the surface finish. For DIY jobs, it’s important to arrange everything in advance so you have stable deadlines to work with. If it rains before the concrete is hard enough to allow direct sheeting, use a frame to support the plastic above the surface of the concrete to prevent damage. Once you’ve settled on the size and shape, ensure that you have a solid sub-base in place — well compacted hardcore at least 100mm deep is reccommended. You can do this by driving small wooden or metal stakes at points where the drive will egress the street, then at the top of the driveway, then tying builder's line on them, to help you visualize the path of the driveway. Therefore those looking for the properties of a concrete driveway but at a cheaper cost, use asphalt as an alternative. To do this, install reinforcing steel rebars in a grid pattern over your pour site. You can buy a dedicated concrete wire mesh for this purpose. Having this layer firmly compacted and level across your planned pour site will form a solid foundation upon which your concrete can be poured. Settle on the dimensions of your driveway early on. What happens to Concrete when it freezes? Forms will keep the concrete in place while it is poured. There are several different ways to create a drive, from simple gravel to impressive block paving. Continue to do this along the full length of the driveway. 4. For a standard driveway your sub-base should be at least 100mm deep (the same depth as the concrete), rising to 150mm if you plan to park larger vehicles on it. We updated these driveway prices in 2020. Once the concrete is dry, you can carefully remove the formwork and infill the gap with soil. How to Lay a Macadam Driveway. There is no guarantee your driveway will stay weed free, but installing a membrane will certainly help. Here’s our guide on how to lay a gravel driveway: Preparation (Aka. Pour wet concrete to a depth of 90-100mm into the shuttered area of the driveway. As it is poured, you can distribute the concrete using a hoe, keeping the concrete relatively flat and slightly higher than the top of the forms. There are now several companies across the country which are happy to deliver fairly small amounts of ready-mix. Once you know how much concrete you need, get in touch with Total Concrete to arrange your order and discuss the right mix for your needs. The hard work and dirty bit.) Location – You need to think about ease of access, as well as anything which might obstruct your view as you leave the drive. If your application for a dropped kerb is successful, the council will usually do the work and then charge you. If you’ve never worked with concrete before we’d strongly advise you get a professional in to help or to research the area thoroughly before you start. Once you have the shape and dimensions correct, outline the perimeter with wooden stakes. You can buy a dedicated concrete wire mesh for this purpose. You should also create a control joint between the driveway and a wall. Use gravel grids if you want to limit gravel loss but install them properly so they interlock all over. You should plan to excavate around 200mm of soil to allow for both the sub-base and the concrete layer (100mm for each). Ask your CEMEX office how much notice is required for postponement of delivery. Notify me of follow-up comments by email. However, the cost of a concrete block driveway will vary depending on the size, the quality of the materials, and the contractor’s individual prices. Call us on 0800 859 5371 to get a quote, or use our online booking form. m. of concrete. Start by removing excess concrete so the final slab is level with the forms. Required fields are marked *. To do this, use a straight, timber 2×4. After you have compacted your sub-base, the easiest part is now laying your gravel onto your driveway. Give us a call on 0800 859 5371 or enquire online, © Total Concrete Ltd 2020. Any rubble that I had left over from other work I crushed and used as extra gravel. Giving your DIY concrete driveway or sidewalk a curved edge will help it resist … Your email address will not be published. But it’s the sub-base that will make or break the driveway. Below is a list of the steps that are involved with laying a concrete driveway. You need these forms to be anchored so they are consistently straight and aligned. Once all the concrete has been poured, it needs to be flattened to create a consistent, smooth surface. Concrete Calculator – Find How Much Concrete You Need. The drawings are especially useful for those that don’t have much experience or expertise in this field. M. A driveway 6 metres long by 3 metres wide and 100mm thick will require roughly 2 cu. The driveway should be water cured for around 7-10 days after the concrete has been laid. Width – A domestic driveway should be at least 3m wide. Adding a Concrete driveway to your property makes very good sense and if you have the room, this is a summer project you should really consider. Level the bottom of the excavated area by scraping a board along the length of it and then packing down the earth. Lay the MOT Type 1 Roadstone or Type 1 crushed concrete inside of … Drives constructed with concrete or another non-porous material, which are larger than 5 square metres, will require planning permission. Concrete block driveway cost. Cost to Install Concrete Driveway – 2020 Price Calculator. The first thing to do is to prepare the ground where you will be laying the concrete. Just choose your preferred surface materials from those listed below. Driveways should have a very slight slope on them to allow water to drain off (which helps to protect the concrete and stops ice forming too thickly in cold weather). Mark out the position of the drive with pegs and string, ensuring that it is wide enough for your vehicle, and then start to excavate the soil between the string. Level the wet concrete by scraping a length of timber across the surface, using the formwork as a guide. If you're thinking about having a concrete driveway installed on your property, one of the first things you will undoubtedly wonder is how much it costs to do so. This will help create a level surface where you can add your base. Sawing the length of timber back and forth across the surface as you level it will help to give the driveway some grip. Properly done, a finished concrete driveway will be attractive, strong and long-lasting, but getting to that point will take a fair bit of preparation and patience. Take your time and carefully remove the stakes first, then remove the forms one at a time. Use a smooth motion along the edge of the slab to shape it. Apply the desired colourant powder to the concrete surface. Repeat this action until the entire driveway, making sure you stick to one direction for every stroke. You should be okay to remove the concrete forms once curing has begun and the slab has hardened. The pegs, called datum pegs, will help you to keep the formwork level and even along its length. How to Lay Pavers: Almost a month ago I started laying the pavers in my back yard. The choice of laying methods depends on the personal preference of the contractor/specifier, the type of bedding that is chosen, and the types of flags being used. A solid, level foundation is essential, so dig out the top level to your required depth. Laying cropped granite setts can give your driveway long-lasting quality and stand-out kerb appeal. Even with two people, you will almost certainly want to split a long driveway into bays by adding formwork across the width at 2m intervals and fill one bay at a time. If your planned driveway is very long, it is worth thinking about hiring metal Roadforms. This method also does away with the need to add control joints, as the butt joints between bays will allow for movement and expansion. Total Concrete provide domestic driveway concrete throughout the Surrey, Guildford, Woking and beyond. Including guides to carpentry, roofing, brickwork and stonework, stud walls, concreting, rendering, glazing, gardening, home security, plastering, plumbing, tiling and much more. Move 2m along the driveway and hammer a second peg into the ground, using a straightedge and spirit level to keep the top of it level with the first peg. If you need more depth, more sub-base is what you need. Use sturdy wooden planks to create a solid, temporary housing for the driveway. How To Lay A Gravel Driveway. You should be able to walk on the concrete after two days, but it’s best to refrain from parking on your driveway until the 28 day mark. Total Concrete Awarded QSRMC Certification. Simply run the broom across your driveway, evenly, from one side to the other. If the sub-base is not suitable here, dig another four inches and add your hardcore. There are several things which might negatively impact your application for a dropped kerb, including the type of road you live on and the type of building you live it (is it listed or anything other than a single dwelling?). Starting from one end of the driveway, placing the timber horizontally across the slab, move it back and forth in a steady sawing motion to flatten out the concrete as you go. Once the kerbs are in position, haunch the back of the units so that the concrete reaches half way up the rear of the kerb. These joints should be about 1 inch deep, and cut along the width of the driveway. Control joints allow the concrete slab to settle and shift slightly without cracking. 1. The top edge of the formwork needs to be level as you will use this later as a guide for levelling the wet concrete. Mixing concrete by hand You prepare it in the same way as mortar, mixing it thoroughly and methodically until it's an even consistency - neither too dry nor too sloppy. When stone flags are laid to town centre footpaths and other areas that are open to the general public, the rigid layin… Usually, concrete won’t reach its full curing strength until 28 days after pouring. Use sturdy wooden planks to create a solid, temporary housing for the driveway. This allows for the average car and gives enough room on either side for passengers to get out. Cut some lengths of 12mm thick rot-treated timber that is the same height as the formwork and insert them at 4 metre intervals along the driveway excavation. Business as usual – quick update on Coronavirus (COVID-19). An average domestic driveway in the UK measures about 50 m 2. The concrete driveway pictured here has been given a contemporary twist with the Marano aluminium fencing and gate system from F H Brundle. There are several ways to finish the surface of concrete, but remember that it cannot be completely flat. There are two acceptable methods of laying flags - individual bedded and screed bedded. First, remove a layer of topsoil, you will need to remove any weeds and stones. Driveway laid on a slope providing decent gradient for drainage. Like most of our garden, the driveway used to be covered in tarmac that had seen better days so before we could even begin to think about laying a gravel driveway … To aid traction for your vehicle, use a thick-bristled broom to create a non-slip finish. Pavers are shaped stones that slot together like tiles. If you own a larger vehicle you should, of course, consider making it slightly wider. To do this, install reinforcing steel rebars in a grid pattern over your pour site. Just ensure you have enough gravel to cover the entire surface of your drive. By installing a resin surface over an existing surface such as concrete or tarmacadam you can cut out costly sub base installation costs. Laying a concrete driveway is one of those often undertaken DIY tasks that many people think seems fairly easy until they have a go themselves and find it’s not quite as simple as it seems. Move 2m along the driveway and hammer a second peg into the ground, using a straightedge and spirit level to keep the top of it level with the first peg. Dig the area deep enough to accommodate the sub base (100mm) and damp-proof membrane (dpm) as well as the thickness of the concrete slab itself. Once the shape and dimensions are settled, outline the perimeter of your driveway with wooden stakes. Take this into consideration if creating a driveway on a very flat section of ground. Using a concrete grooving tool, you now need to cut control joints. The hardcore sub-base should ideally consist of crushed stones and sand, but you can use general builders rubble as long as it is fairly well crushed and you remove any metal, plaster, etc. Buying the quantity of timber you will need for a long drive can be expensive, so hiring formwork might make better financial sense. If your driveway is going to be longer then 4 metres, you will need to include control joints in its construction. With the sub-base and perimeter all set up, you just need to wait for the concrete to arrive. Longevity: The longevity of an asphalt driveway is a lot higher than most other driveway options. Call Total Concrete on 0800 859 5371 to get a quote, or use our online booking form. At a height of 1.8m, this setup would cost in the region of £180/metre. Your email address will not be published. You can ready more about using Ready-Mix Concrete in our Ready-Mix Guide. Reinforcing your concrete with steel mesh will help to distribute the weight of your vehicles more evenly, drastically improving its strength. In this example we are going to walk through all the steps involved in laying a new driveway from start to finish, including excavating and laying a new sub base. As you fix each plank by driving pegs in along the outside edge, check that the formwork is level using a straightedge and spirit level laid on to the nearest datum peg. The basic preparation layers before you even begin laying the concrete consist of soil, then hardcore and then sand. Checkout our 12 step guide on how to lay a concrete driveway. Drive a peg into the ground in the middle of one end of the driveway, keeping the top of it at the height you want the surface of the concrete. Step 1 - Planning Your Driveway You can use thick strips of bituminous felt held in place by small mounds of concrete to do this. Excavating the driveway and laying foundations has to be paid for too. Will you need to remove a section of wall or hedge to allow access to the driveway? Laying a driveway is one of the most popular uses for ready mix concrete. If moving the tool forwards, keep the front raised, and vice versa. The cost of the project may even determine the size of driveway you choose. Avoid laying concrete outdoors in rainy or very cold weather. If you’re going to use porous concrete, you won’t need to gain planning permission before starting work. Ready mix concrete should be poured as soon as possible after reaching your worksite. Have you any tips on laying the polythene over the fresh concrete without it marking the surface please? As a rule of thumb, concrete slabs supporting lighter weights such as paths, patios and shed bases will need to be 75-100mm thick, while driveways and garages need to be at least 100mm thick. If this isn’t necessary, you should be able to pour the concrete into your forms directly from the drum mixer. To help you get the best results, we’ve put together this step-by-step guide on how to lay a concrete driveway. Be careful when removing the forms as the concrete won’t be fully cured. More importantly, it acts as a guide when you are levelling the surface. For a driveway four inches deep, cut these joints every four feet or so — ensuring they are evenly spaced. Start out at one end, placing your float against a horizontal form, and use a smooth arching motion to smooth out the flattened surface. 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