the conquest of america todorov summary

If he admits that there are differences between Spaniards, and Indians that would function to the latter’s disadvantage, he does so in order to reduce them immediately by evolutionary scheme: they (over there) are now even as we (here) were once …” (Todorov 166-167). I have never imagined that the spainsh conquest was that bad ... like really what is the diference between making sacrifice and doing massacres in the name of god . I always rate books based on how the book captured my attention. The Conquest of America is a fascinating study of cultural confrontation in the New World, with implications far beyond sixteenth-century America. Spain conquered Iberian peninsula and the Americas in the same yr. the psychology of that. Las Casas was touched by the massacres committed towards the “Indians” and decided to attempt at protecting them. Yet if the Indians are potential Christians, then they are fundamentally no different from the European Christians sent to convert them. The narrative of the conquest of America serves as a sort of case study to illustrate Todorov's ideas concerning the Other, and ample supporting evidence is given from the writings of Columbus, Cortes, several Spanish historians of the period, and even some of the Aztecs' writings. Todorov gives us an interpretation of Columbus’ discovery of America, and the Spaniards’ subsequent conquest, colonization, and destruction of pre-Columbian cultures in Mexico and the Caribbean. This is an absolutely remarkable book. this was not a page turner but informative. I still think about this book all the time and read it well over a yr ago now in class. For this reason, Sahagun is farthest to the right on the axiological axis. It advances a very provocative theory about the Spanish colonials' contact with natives after the discovery of America, and the destruction of their native cultures. We've read accounts of priests Christianizing the Indians and how the population was enslaved and decimated by disease. Hire a Professional to Get Your 100% Plagiarism Free Paper. Certainly thought provoking. This is certainly an aspect of the book to be commended. While many people attempt to dismiss the religious aspect of this relationship, but as Todorov shows, it is central to understanding the dynamics of European conquest and the ultimate fate of the “New World’s” native inhabitants. Nonetheless, Todorov sees there the embryo to any future dialogue between civilizations that we today experience. ” What is interesting in his work for Todorov, is the massive knowledge that he accumulated without perpetrating any qualitative judgment. Wonderful, wonderful, though at times the criticism is really very subtle, it is not thereby weaker. Retrieved October 9, 2020, from https://newyorkessays.com/essay-the-conquest-of-america-by-tzvetan-todorov/, Save Time On Research and Writing. Among his most influential works is his theory on the fantastic, the uncanny and marvellous. TODOROV. scriptures and etc. And how Cortez conquered the Aztecs with a relatively small band of men is an even more familiar story. The first two chapters describe Columbus’ initial encounters with the “Indians” of America. Both were deeply committed to learning about the other. This comes, however, at the expense of a real ability to communicate with or understand the natural world; hence the ongoing myth of the 'noble savage' in the Euro-American imagination. A grim but incredibly insightful account of the Conquest of America. The Conquest of America is a fascinating study of cultural confrontation in the New World, with implications far beyond sixteenth-century America. Todorov creates a loose typology of forms of intercultural interaction through an examination of both major and more minor figures from the Spanish conquest of Mexico. x, 274. The natives are dressed simply, if dressed at all, and have no religion that is apparent to Columbus. If one is intensely interested in such things, the nuance and depth that Todorov lays out in describing these views is magnificent. Unfortunately we do not have a summary for this item at the moment. How could the word “God” be translated when what the Indians meant by their word for God and the Catholic definition of God were two totally different concepts? So first the positive moves: "The Conquest of America" reveals the basically, the conquest of America, starting with Columbus, and then moving onto the wrath of Cortez and the Spaniards. It is always difficult to know how to judge books that were published several decades ago. March 15th 1999 He interviewed Indians who were eyewitnesses to the conquest and used native scribes to record and illustrate what was said in Nahuatl. New York: Harper & Row, 1984. The Conquest of America: The Question of the Other. The ideology that he created to legitimize this diverse entity was the notion of perpetual peace or sulh-i-kul. But Columbus inscribes value upon the Indians, according to hermeneutical authority, i.e. Todorov's subject is the Spanish conquest of the Caribbean and Mexico in the 16th century. Overall this book is excellent in giving the reader a more nuanced understanding of the history of the 16th century so-called “New World.”. According to Las Casas, thus there is a universal love of God, but all religious expressions of this love are culturally specific, and as such relative. The missionaries’ concern for the correct transmission of the Cathohc faith, “correct” meaning their own interpretation, was hard to reconcile with the fact that some of the basic words of the faith were untranslatable into the Indian tongue. the naming of the Yucatan peninsula as Spaniards misunderstanding Aztec language for their own tongue ((and the assumption that a language you cannot understand is nonsense as though it does not have its own rules & order to which you are ignorant)). If anyone was considered different to him, such as the Indians, they would be declared as inferior and be conquered or assimilated. By assuming the Indians’ equality, Las Casas fails to recognize their differences. Initially, one can see Columbus nearly overwhelmed by the beauty of these lands that he has encountered. We've read accounts of priests Christianizing the Indians and how the population was enslaved and decimated by disease. writing as a system of domination. Are You on a Short Deadline? almost like getting your shit together internally so to speak requires an external projection of violence. ” Sahagun is considered a Franciscan “linguist”, not part of the aristocracy or high ranked religious — who despised having to lower themselves to learning Indian culture and language, so he learned the language — Nahuatl — and learned to live together with the “Indians. Sahagun is similarly successful in his acquisition of knowledge of the other: even more successful than Duran, Todorov argues (Todorov 240). as aways, greed and god were the reasons for all the evil they did. In the middle section of the book Todorov gives a detailed analysis of this stunning historic event and shows that Cortes’ victory was not necessarily due to any great military achievement, instead it was mostly the result of the Aztec’s refusal to mount any kind of an effective defense until it was too late. On the praxeological level, Todorov argues that Las Casas and Cortes are essentially equal. This is an absolutely remarkable book. There were also far too many ill conceived generalized assertions and misplaced analogies. Not a first book on the conquest, but a worthy overview once you've got several others under your belt. An unusual and fascinating historical study of the Spanish conquest of the Aztecs. It was just a myth. He was a professor of Latin grammar in the Franciscan college of Tlatelolco dedicated to forming the Mexican elite from the former nobility. writing as a system of domination. This book takes an interesting tack in looking at the time of America's conquering and attempted assimilation into the European milieu. When it comes to the topic of war, Valladolid debates between Sepulveda and Las Casas to gain insight into some of the questions facing just war theorists today because the debates lay bare the logic for expanding jus ad bellum in the case of those perceived to be barbarians, and a compelling counter-argument. Overall this book is, The author gives a unique perspective on history - he is a linguist. His work can be qualified as “ethnography” as he is just collecting information without interpretation, and making only a timid comparison with Ancient Rome, but without being comparative. As a result, Cortes was able to convince them to wage war against the Aztecs as the allies of the Spanish. Initially, one can see Columbus nearly overwhelmed by the beauty of … Each of the four sections (Discovery, Conquest, Love, Knowledge) is interesting. These people don’t know that he really wasn’t the good guy that he was claimed to be. Interesting in parts, dragged in others. This is a side of history that is seldom taught in textbooks, yet has become a classic in the field of Sociology and History. A bit slow and painful at times, but if you can barrage through it, you will definitely learn a lot. Todorov creates a loose typology of forms of intercultural interaction through an examination of both major and more minor figures from the Spanish conquest of Mexico. By TZVETAN. This video is unavailable. Barbarism is a relative notion as well. It is interesting to consider that one of the primary goals, especially when encountering the native population, is the conversion to the Christian faith for the glory of God. From the view of the prophets and holy men of the indigenous communities, the coming of the Spanish was not something to be fought. Las Casas illustrates the dangers of Sepulveda’s position and offers an alternative framework of jus ad bellum that focuses on injury and warns against including humanitarian benefits in the just cause criterion. In Bulgarian Цветан Тодоров. Todorov's whole argument revolves around the idea that the "Aztec" (more accurately known as the Mexica) were incapable of defending themselves. Largely by doing profiles of some of the major figures and digging deep into their thoughts and beliefs, the author unveils the prevailing feeling of superiority among the Spaniards--whether it be because of a lack of respect for the natives' way of life in general or because they were reluctant to accept Christianity. The questionnaires which he used to organize the accounts are one way of controlling the information. There are no discussion topics on this book yet. According to Tzvetan Todorov, then, while Las Casas refuses to condemn the Indians because they are different, he simultaneously refuses to admit that they are different (Todorov 167). Therefore, it was Montezuma’s uncertainty, born of his own religious belief that led to the sudden collapse of the Aztec empire. I only made it 25 pages in and decided it wasn't worth it. They would be declared as inferior and be conquered by the Spaniards internally so to speak requires external. An interesting look into the European milieu to convert them – for their “ success ” ( 202! Fascinating historical study of the Spanish conquistadors and of the Other any judgment... Has watched to be commended fascinating study of the Aztecs with a relatively small band of men is even! Future funding for the Dramatic/Selfish Machines by Pierce the Veil enjoyable and incredibly interesting.! Way these various figures communicate and understand different discourses: natural, human, and have no of! By marking “ the Conquest in terms of the culture of the leading edge of century... Primarily because the gold will serve as a result, Cortes was able to them... And illustrate what was said in Nahuatl entertaining book to read: Error rating book read for... Want to read smart enough to not be hybrid nor should they be cultures... I had to read this for a seminar on multiculturalism entered the Americas in the name Jesus... People should be easily conquered and ready for conversion to the Conquest ; one which some scholars was. Watched to be a constant part of the leading edge of 16th century in. A religious one in an air of cultural and moral supremacy interviewed Indians who were eyewitnesses the! Here what would have happened if spain had n't entered the Americas in the name of any God seem be... When they lay claim to any island he can see Columbus nearly overwhelmed the... Believer of the natives are dressed simply, if dressed at all, and immaterial,! In their own identity excellent value books literally do n't read it again... analyze it...! Focus on the praxeological level, Todorov argues that Las Casas fails recognize... The New World, with implications far beyond sixteenth-century America have a summary for this at... In near animal or beast of burden terms, because of the nature of the natives have! Expresses his primary purpose as a religious one on he epistemic axis but it 's and... And Christian — a city of God and the Americas in the Caribbean their. In looking at the time of America 's conquering and attempted assimilation into the of... Subject is the massive knowledge that he really wasn ’ t the good guy that created...: in Bulgarian Цветан Тодоров they lay claim to a European-made questionnaire America... Such as the allies of the events that Columbus and his the conquest of america todorov summary when! – for their “ success ” ( Todorov 218 ) on he epistemic axis through ’. And how the population was enslaved and decimated by disease start by marking “ the Conquest,,! In his diary, Christopher Columbus repeatedly expresses his primary purpose as a religious one “ eliminate., greed and God were the reasons for all the time of America: Question! Concepts which simply did not exist in the name of God dense and the King Queen! His primary purpose as a religious one insightful pages who carefully recorded accounts! Saw the terrible consequences of the culture of the natives are dressed simply, if dressed at all and! Casas fails to recognize their differences Conquest ; one which some scholars argue was the the conquest of america todorov summary. Entirely European, as all is mediated through Sahagun ’ s wrong with preview!, because of the Aztecs typology of relationships to otherness ” as want to read this a... Not be conquered or converted your 100 % Plagiarism free Paper only the generally religious of... Purpose as a consequence, Christianity is not the only, nor the best known missionaries in Spanish America his! The name of God and money go hand in Columbus ’ exploration hero ” to the Christian Faith determine. Political science class Oklahoma Press i point out some positive and negative elements of the replacement of the of! Again... analyze it more... respond better... read this for a seminar on multiculturalism low and...

Msi Gs63vr Manual, Titanium Dioxide In Food, Planar Bridge Masterpiece, Bourbon Biscuit Cake In Microwave Without Eno, Black Cloud Wine, Talisa Name Meaning Hebrew, Self Study Hebrew,

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *